What You Should Know About Eczema
Posted on July 30, 2018 | Author and Reviewed by: Mark Ernest Del Rosario, RPh
What are the things that you should know about eczema?
- What is eczema?
- Symptoms and causes
- Other facts about eczema
There are many diseases that need maintenance. Thankfully, there are a lot of treatments available almost everywhere you go, with medicine for diabetes and other long-term diseases easily accessible to the masses. While these diseases are not easy to live with, with the right knowledge about them, they can change from a severe illness to an annoyance at best.
One such disease is called eczema. Known for being one of the more common and irritating skin diseases, anyone is vulnerable to it. If you have eczema or at least think that you do, below are some of the things that you should know about this particular disease.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is a term for a group of health conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. Among all these conditions, the most common type of it is known as atopic dermatitis. In most cases, atopic dermatitis and eczema are interchangeable due to the former being the most common of the health conditions.
The term “atopic” refers to diseases that have an often inherited tendency to develop other allergic conditions, due to which they are often accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
Symptoms and Causes
Eczema of all types has very similar symptoms. However, it also has a variety of symptoms and they differ from person to person.
- Itching—the primary symptom of eczema. It won’t be a simple itch but rather a severe one, especially during night time
- Dry skin
- Red to brownish-gray patches commonly found on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, chest, eyelids, the bends of elbows and knees, the face, and the scalp
- Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid when scratched
- Scaly skin
- Sensitive and swollen skin due to scratching
The known cause of eczema is only genetics, particularly related to a variation of your genes that affects the skin’s capability to provide protection against external elements. This makes the skin easily affected by environmental factors, irritants, and allergens.
One of its primary triggers is through allergens—for example, to some patients, food allergies are the most common reasons that their eczema is triggered.
There is no known cure for eczema as of the moment. That is why the goal of treatment for eczema is to relieve and prevent the itching that might lead to infections.
While there are treatment methods for eczema, there is currently no known cure for the disease. Some of the more common treatments include lotions and skin creams to keep the skin moist instead of dry and itchy.
Some products that can be bought in drugstores such as hydrocortisone 1% cream are often prescribed to lessen the inflammation. When worse comes to worst, however, and the area becomes infected, doctors can prescribe antibiotics to kill the infection-causing bacteria.
You may also use antihistamines to lessen severe itching. Tar treatments, phototherapy, and cyclosporine are other stronger treatments that are offered to people whose conditions aren’t getting better with the usual treatments.
Other Facts About Eczema
Eczema is a skin condition that has no cure but a lot of potential treatments—however, there are other notable pieces of information about the disease that can be of help in managing it.
- Eczema is hereditary
- The best way to prevent eczema is to consistently moisturize your skin! Moist skin prevents dry skin which is usually where the itches start
- Eczema is more frequently found in children but that doesn’t mean you can’t get it as an adult
Additionally, take note that treatments may or may not have side effects—so make sure that you’re fully knowledgeable with the treatment method that you are going to use before proceeding.
Just like medicine for diabetes, treatments for eczema are now easily accessible to many people. If you ever find yourself having trouble with it or know someone who does, educate yourself or them properly about the disease so it can be properly dealt with.