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Dry cough: causes, symptoms, and medication

Coughing is the body’s natural reaction to something blocking the airways. When we cough, it’s the body’s way of dislodging the irritant or mucus so we can breathe normally again. A productive cough, also known as a wet cough, it a cough that produces phlegm or mucus. A nonproductive cough, or dry cough, does not.

What is dry cough?

Dry cough, or nonproductive cough, is a category of cough wherein there is no mucus or phlegm being produced by the body. This results in an itchy, scratchy sensation in the airways.

What are the causes of dry cough?

Dry cough can be caused by a number of things including:

  • Asthma
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Postnasal drip (extra mucus that drips from the nose to the throat)
  • Viral infection
  • Environmental irritants like pollution, dust, or pollen
  • A collapsed lung (pneumothorax)
  • Lung cancer

What are the symptoms of dry cough?

A dry or nonproductive cough feels like a scratchy, irritating sensation at the back of your throat. Some describe it as a choking sensation in the throat. It is called a dry cough because no mucus or phlegm is developed along with the cough.

What are the drugs for dry cough?

The treatment for a nonproductive cough will depend on what is causing it. In most cases, a dry cough will go away with the use of dextromethorphan (a cough suppressant). Other treatments may include:

  • Inhaled bronchodilators for asthma
  • Antacids and proton-pump inhibitors for GERD
  • Antihistamines to relieve allergies

Antibiotics for dry cough is rarely ever used. Most dry coughs are caused by a viral infection (like the common cold or the flu), which cannot be cured with antibiotics. Using antibiotics when it is not required may cause your body to develop a resistance towards antibiotics.

Recommended Medicines for Respiratory System
Phenylpropanolamine HCI Oral Drops 6.25mg/ml 10ml (TGP) -1
PPA+Brompheniramine Drops 6.25mg 2mg 15ml (COMBINASE)-1
Salbutamol Nebule 2.5mg 2.5ml (TGP-ASMA-GONE)-30
PPA+Brompheniramine Syr 12.5mg/4mg 60ml (COMBINASE)-1
Paracetamol +PPA+ Chlorphenamine 125/12.5/1mg Syr 60ml (FLUDEX)-1
PPA+CPM Tab 25mg/2mg (PHENYCOL)-100
PPA+Guaifenesin Syr 6.25mg/100mg 60ml (COLDREX-G)-1
PPA+Guaifenesin+CPM Syr 100mg/2mg/6.5mg 60ml (DEFLEMIN)-1
PPA + Paracetamol + Dextro Cap 325/25/10 (DEXTROCOL)-100
Phenylpropanolamine Drops 6.25mg 15ml (NASALGEN)-1
Phenylpropanolamine Syr 12.5mg 60ml (NASALGEN)-1
PP+Chlorphenamine+Para 6.25mg/ 500mcg/ 125mg Syr 60ml (COLDZEP)-1
Salbutamol Syr 2mg 60ml (SOLBEN)-1
Salbutamol Syr 2mg 60ml (TGP)-1
Salbutamol Tab 2mg (SOLBEN)-100
Salbutamol Tab 4mg (SOLBEN)-100
Recommended Medicines for Respiratory System
Phenylpropanolamine HCI Oral Drops 6.25mg/ml 10ml (TGP) -1
PPA+Brompheniramine Drops 6.25mg 2mg 15ml (COMBINASE)-1
Salbutamol Nebule 2.5mg 2.5ml (TGP-ASMA-GONE)-30
PPA+Brompheniramine Syr 12.5mg/4mg 60ml (COMBINASE)-1
Paracetamol +PPA+ Chlorphenamine 125/12.5/1mg Syr 60ml (FLUDEX)-1
PPA+CPM Tab 25mg/2mg (PHENYCOL)-100
PPA+Guaifenesin Syr 6.25mg/100mg 60ml (COLDREX-G)-1
PPA+Guaifenesin+CPM Syr 100mg/2mg/6.5mg 60ml (DEFLEMIN)-1
PPA + Paracetamol + Dextro Cap 325/25/10 (DEXTROCOL)-100
Phenylpropanolamine Drops 6.25mg 15ml (NASALGEN)-1
Phenylpropanolamine Syr 12.5mg 60ml (NASALGEN)-1
PP+Chlorphenamine+Para 6.25mg/ 500mcg/ 125mg Syr 60ml (COLDZEP)-1
Salbutamol Syr 2mg 60ml (SOLBEN)-1
Salbutamol Syr 2mg 60ml (TGP)-1
Salbutamol Tab 2mg (SOLBEN)-100
Salbutamol Tab 4mg (SOLBEN)-100
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