“What Can I Eat?” The Best Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes

What is the best diet plan for gestational diabetes?

  1. Keep protein in your diet.
  2. Limit or avoid processed foods.
  3. Monitor the portions of your food.
  4. Maintain the right mix of fats and carbohydrates.



“So, what can I eat?” For a pregnant woman who’s diagnosed with gestational diabetes, medicines aren’t the only concern that doctors would often strictly put into your plate. With your body stopping from responding to insulin or falling short of making insulin to provide you the glucose you need, your food intake may be more crucial than before. Thus, in order to keep track of a healthy pregnancy, a diet plan should be incorporated into your daily meals to maintain your glucose levels under control. This may include the following should and should not eat list:



Your 'Should Eat' List

Your ‘Should Eat’ List

Generally, pregnant women with gestational diabetes may be advised to include protein in their diet and the right mix of fats and carbohydrates. For specifics, Healthline recommends the following choices for healthy snacks and meals that you can opt for:


  • Eggs
  • Fresh fruits
  • Fresh or frozen, and steamed vegetables
  • Baked [not fried] fish
  • Steel-cut oatmeal that you can top with berries
  • Skinless chicken breasts
  • Air-popped popcorn
  • Greek yogurt that is unsweetened


It is also recommended to avoid processed foods as it is not healthy especially with gestational diabetes patients. This is due to the fact that this food goes through inorganic processes that reduce the nutrition level of the content. If cannot be avoided, doctors often suggest limiting its consumption.

In observing your diet plan, it should be noted that the plan doesn’t particularly focus on cutting your diet. There are only specific food nutrients that you should consume more and less of others. It is more of a change in the food you eat that wouldn’t go too far from your normal diet. However, your food intake should still be monitored to achieve a healthy pregnancy and avoid complications.



Your 'Should Not Eat' List

Your ‘Should Not Eat’ List

As already mentioned above, processed foods are not recommended for pregnant women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes. This is because they include high levels of sugar, which is what you need to avoid at this point. In general, this list may include:


  • Fast food
  • Fried food
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Baked goods such as donuts, cakes, muffins, and many others
  • Candy
  • Highly starchy foods including white rice and white potatoes
  • Sugary drinks, specifically soda, juice and other sweetened drinks


Aside from these obvious no’s, you should also avoid fish that contains high levels of mercury such as shark, marlin, swordfish, and others. For tuna, you may still consume some but in limited portions only. Keep your consumption to at least four medium-sized cans of tuna a week.

Furthermore, particular types of cheese should also be avoided, along with uncooked eggs, meat, liver, and raw shellfish to avoid complications. Fruits and vegetables should also be thoroughly rinsed to get rid of the dirt or soil that may still be present in the food.


Key Takeaway

A healthy diet plan can always work miracles if done correctly by following what you should eat, what you should avoid, and by doing this routine regularly. Aside from this, always consult your doctor for advice and follow the instructions. This will not only help you maintain a healthy pregnancy, but also secure your baby’s health in the future.