If you have ever felt unsteady, nauseated, or dizzy, then you may have vertigo. Vertigo is the false sensation of movement and it can affect more than 40 percent of people over the age of 40. This condition can stem from problems a person might have in their inner ear, in their brain, or in their spinal cord. There are a lot of things a person can do about this condition, but the best way to deal with vertigo, much like diabetes, is to take medicine for it.
While many of you have probably experienced some kind of dizziness at one point or another, the dizziness someone with vertigo experiences can interfere and can be all consuming in their day-to-day life. Here are three things you need to know about this balance disorder that can make you feel like the room is spinning even when you are standing still.
In essence, vertigo is a sense of motion even when there is no motion. According to experts in the field, when a person has vertigo, they might feel that the room is spinning around them or swaying like a boat that is about to capsize.
Your sense of balance depends on the signals that your sensory nerves, inner ear, and eyes all report back to your brain. If the signals that were sent by your inner ear do not match up with what your sensory nerves and eyes are reporting, your brain has to sort through the confusion. This is what then leads to vertigo.
In addition, the severe spinning motion caused by vertigo usually leads to vomiting, nausea, and difficulty walking.
Vertigo can be caused by two things: the first cause is a virus called labyrinthitis. This is an infection in the inner ear that causes a structure deep inside in your ear called the labyrinth to become inflamed.
The second cause of vertigo is a problem with the inner ear called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV. This happens when the calcium crystals in the inner ear become dislodged and send false messages to the brain that you are in motion. According to experts, this can happen during a sudden, jarring motion like after a strong blow to the head or riding a roller coaster.
There is usually something else that can cause vertigo so in order to relieve it, the cause needs to be first diagnosed and then treated. Vertigo, as a symptom, is usually clinically diagnosed with a thorough clinical and history examination.
Some experts believe that the other causes of vertigo can include disorders such as multiple sclerosis and concussions. More commonly, vertigo can be caused by inner ear disorders such as Meniere’s Disease which is an excessive buildup of fluid in the inner ear.
There are also side effects that mimic vertigo which can be caused by the side effects of certain medications as well as exposure to certain toxins.
Fortunately, you don’t have to live with vertigo because you can take the right medicine for it just like diabetes. The more you know about vertigo, the better you can battle and deal with it.